Lyme disease is an infectious disease. A Borrelia, a kind of germ, is the cause. Ticks or western black ticks bite people and transmit the bacteria to humans. These ticks are about the size of sesame seeds. Lyme disease mostly happens in rural regions. Lyme disease is mainly found in United States, Europe and Australia.
The symptoms of Lyme disease are fever, headache, adrenal fatigue, muscle aches, joints pain, and rash on skin named erythema which appears from week to month after a ticks bite. This reckless usually starts at the site of the ticks bite. Originally it is a small spot that grow larger. Some people have just many red spots instead.
Mainly infection spreads to joints, heart and nervous system. Affected heart beats irregularly or slow. It damages the nervous system. If not treated, Lyme disease causes arthritis and more nervous system problems. Usually, only one joints, knee for example, swells and hurts. It also causes memory loss and muscle weakness.
Talk to doctor if you have Lyme disease?
Talk to your doctor about your symptoms. Usually doctor diagnoses Lyme disease if you have symptoms. The possibility of infected tick bites is important in the consideration. Blood tests are helpful mostly in the later stage of disease. People who have been sick with Lyme disease for less than a month may have negative blood test. Also, in early Lyme disease, patients who take antibiotics for other reasons may never develop a positive Lyme disease test.
Treatment of Lyme disease
Most cases of Lyme disease are treated with several weeks of antibiotics. Early Lyme disease requires 14 to 30 days of antibiotics. If the nervous system is involved, antibiotics may need to be given intravenously. Take all the drugs, which your doctor prescribed, according to instruction. To prevent spreading the infection to joints, heart and nervous system do not stop taking the medicine. In advanced Lyme disease, symptoms may improve, but do not disappear completely. If symptoms persist or worsen after treatment, contact your doctor.
Prevent from Lyme disease
The best way is to avoid tick bites. Clothing in the woods area, long-sleeved shirt and pants instead of shorts are good protection. After walking outdoors, check your skin body and scalp for ticks and rashes. Check your pets. Remove ticks promptly form you cloth. Also consider landscaping and pest control in your area.
Don’t try the old methods of putting kerosene, gasoline on the tick. After removing the tick, check your skin over the next month. In case of a rash, go to your doctor and tell about the bite.